swagtron serial number. As an island nation, Britain was safe from land attacks and managed to withstand and resist Nazi air assaults. [53], After becoming Chancellor of Germany (head of government) in 1933, Adolf Hitler ignored the Versailles Treaty provisions. Answer (1 of 24): What post-war historians deemed Blitzkrieg was based on a concept known as schwerpunkt, meaning center of gravity or focal point. = 45/20 Answer (1 of 14): The Blitzkrieg, a combined arms attack featuring well trained troops, tankers, artillery and dive bombers, throwing caution to the wind, and driving into a presumed weak spot in their opponent's defenses. It was only after the improvised plan for the Battle of France in 1940 was unexpectedly successful, that the German General Staff came to believe that vernichtungskrieg was still feasible. [98] In late July, after 2nd Panzer Group (commanded by Guderian) captured the watersheds of the Dvina and Dnieper rivers near Smolensk, the panzers had to defend the encirclement, because the marching infantry divisions remained hundreds of kilometers to the west. Score 1. = 15 ? This answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful. internment camps. Where the ability for rapid movement across "tank country" was not possible, armored penetrations often were avoided or resulted in failure. Hitler and the Wehrmacht's planning in the 1930s did not reflect a blitzkrieg method but the opposite. But blitzkrieg wasn't quite dead yet, it was successfully used against the Soviet Union in 1941 who failed to heed to many of the warnings they could have gathered from the Battle of France. [1][2][3][4], During the interwar period, aircraft and tank technologies matured and were combined with systematic application of the traditional German tactic of Bewegungskrieg (maneuver warfare), deep penetrations and the bypassing of enemy strong points to encircle and destroy enemy forces in a Kesselschlacht (cauldron battle). German attempts to weather the storm and fight out of encirclements failed due to the Russian ability to continue to feed armored units into the attack, maintaining the mobility and strength of the offensive, arriving in force deep in the rear areas, faster than the Germans could regroup. While Allied forces in 1940 lacked the experience to successfully develop these strategies, resulting in France's capitulation with heavy losses, they characterized later Allied operations. Tested by the Germans during the Spanish Civil War in 1938 and against Poland in 1939, the blitzkrieg proved to be a formidable combination of land and air action. The results were exaggerated,[by whom?] [119][120] Frieser wrote that surviving German economists and General Staff officers denied that Germany went to war with a blitzkrieg strategy. [141], The vital industries and transportation centers that would be targeted for shutdown were valid military targets. Military planners and bureaucrats in the war economy appear rarely, if ever, to have employed the term blitzkrieg in official documents. If it were instead hilly, wooded, marshy, or urban, armor would be vulnerable to infantry in close-quarters combat and unable to break out at full speed. The use of mobility, shock, and locally concentrated firepower in a skillfully coordinated attack paralyzed an adversarys capacity to organize defenses, rather than attempting to physically overcome them, and then exploited that paralysis by penetrating to the adversarys rear areas and disrupting its whole system of communications and administration. Weegy: A basic position in American foreign policy has been that America must defend its foreign interests related to Weegy: 15 ? [63], Schwerpunktprinzip was a heuristic device (conceptual tool or thinking formula) used in the German army since the nineteenth century, to make decisions from tactics to strategy about priority. Guderian insisted in 1933 to the high command that every tank in the German armored force must be equipped with a radio. Committees of veteran staff officers were formed within the Truppenamt to evaluate 57 issues of the war to revise German operational theories. The surprise attack resulted in the near annihilation of the Voyenno-Vozdushnye Sily (VVS, Soviet Air Force) by simultaneous attacks on airfields,[95] allowing the Luftwaffe to achieve total air supremacy over all the battlefields within the first week. 20/3 User: She worked really hard on the project. One main difference between the United States Constitution and state constitutions is that state constitutions States specific services to provide. [125] For all intents and purposes, Blitzkrieg ended at the Eastern Front once the German forces gave up Stalingrad, after they faced hundreds of new T-34 tanks, when the Luftwaffe became unable to assure air dominance, and following the stalemate at Kurskto this end, Hanson concludes that German military success was not accompanied by the adequate provisioning of its troops with food and materiel far from the source of supply, which contributed to its ultimate failures. Guderian argued that the tank would be the decisive weapon of the next war. ]. bellamy creek correctional facility death Open menu. = 45/20 Germany proved unable to defeat the Soviet Union, which together with Great Britain and the United States seized the initiative from Germany. Case Yellow surprised everyone, overcoming the Allies' 4,000 armored vehicles, many of which were better than their German equivalents in armor and gun-power. [154], It has been argued that blitzkrieg was not new; the Germans did not invent something called blitzkrieg in the 1920s and 1930s. [17][18] It is also common for historians and writers to include psychological warfare by using Fifth columnists to spread rumors and lies among the civilian population in the theater of operations. Blitzkrieg (/bltskri/ BLITS-kreeg, German: [bltskik] (listen); from Blitz 'lightning' + Krieg 'war') is a word used to describe a surprise attack using a rapid, overwhelming force concentration that may consist of armored and motorized or mechanized infantry formations, together with close air support, that has the intent to break through the opponent's lines of defense, then dislocate the defenders, unbalance the enemy by making it difficult to respond to the continuously changing front, and defeat them in a decisive Vernichtungsschlacht: a battle of annihilation. [130], Overy wrote that blitzkrieg as a "coherent military and economic concept has proven a difficult strategy to defend in light of the evidence". what was the blitzkrieg weegy. [37], The British Army took lessons from the successful infantry and artillery offensives on the Western Front in late 1918. [85], John Ellis wrote that "there is considerable justice in Matthew Cooper's assertion that the panzer divisions were not given the kind of strategic mission that was to characterize authentic armored blitzkrieg, and were almost always closely subordinated to the various mass infantry armies". His book offers scant clues as to how German lightning victories might be won. During the Battle of France, the French made attempts to reform defensive lines along rivers but were frustrated when German forces arrived first and pressed on. 16/9 = Weegy: Whenever an individual stops drinking, the BAL will decrease slowly. What was Blitzkrieg and Who Created it. In May 1940, there was near parity in numbers of aircraft between the Luftwaffe and the Allies, but the Luftwaffe had been developed to support Germany's ground forces, had liaison officers with the mobile formations, and operated a higher number of sorties per aircraft. = 2 1/4. Between 1922 and 1928 Guderian wrote a number of articles concerning military movement. [148][146], The early 1950s literature transformed blitzkrieg into a historical military doctrine, which carried the signature of Liddell Hart and Guderian. The _______ Project was the top-secret project tasked with developing atomic weapons in the United States. Full participation for women in mainstream society is the stated goal of the National Organization for Women. 20/3 [28][29], In 1914, German strategic thinking derived from the writings of Carl von Clausewitz (1 June 1780 16 November 1831), Helmuth von Moltke the Elder (26 October 1800 24 April 1891) and Alfred von Schlieffen (28 February 1833 4 January 1913), who advocated maneuver, mass and envelopment to create the conditions for a decisive battle (Vernichtungsschlacht). [110], Allied armies began using combined-arms formations and deep-penetration strategies that Germany had used in the opening years of the war. what was the blitzkrieg weegy. [a], It was the opposite of a doctrine. Willmott writes that, "Many examples of the experiences and losses suffered by German formations moving up to the front are well known. [61] MacGregor and Williamson remark that Rommel's version of Blitzkrieg displayed a significantly better understanding of combined-arms warfare than that of Guderian. Guderian's book incorporated the work of theorists such as Ludwig Ritter von Eimannsberger, whose book, The Tank War (Der Kampfwagenkrieg) (1934) gained a wide audience in the German army. Wildwood corporations formed on September 1, 1995. Addressing the faster rate at which defenders could reinforce an area than attackers could penetrate it during the First World War, Guderian wrote that "since reserve forces will now be motorized, the building up of new defensive fronts is easier than it used to be; the chances of an offensive based on the timetable of artillery and infantry co-operation are, as a result, even slighter today than they were in the last war." [151], During World War I, Fuller had been a staff officer attached to the new tank corps. WINDOWPANE is the live-streaming app for sharing your life as it happens, without filters, editing, or anything fake. [40], In the Sinai and Palestine campaign, operations involved some aspects of what would later be called blitzkrieg. Naveh described it as an "ad hoc solution" to operational dangers, thrown together at the last moment. [99][100], In the summer of 1942, Germany launched another offensive, this time focusing on Stalingrad and the Caucasus in the southern USSR. A method of war involving extensive fortifications and focusing on defense blitzkrieg, (German: "lightning war") military tactic calculated to create psychological shock and resultant disorganization in enemy forces through the employment of surprise, speed, and superiority in matriel or firepower. While direct attacks against civilians were ruled out as "terror bombing", the concept of the attacking the vital war industries and probable heavy civilian casualties and breakdown of civilian morale was ruled as acceptable. Blitzkreig is a war tactic that the Germans used. However, the Soviet Union launched a counteroffensive in November 1942, trapping and destroying an entire German army at Stalingrad. Basically, the Germans would storm into an enemy territory full force and try to win the battle as quickly as possible using full force. The United States made up for the lack of manpower on the home front during World War II by employing women. Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. During the winter of 193940, Hitler demobilized many troops from the army to return as skilled workers to factories because the war would be decided by production, not a quick "Panzer operation". Blitzkrieg is most commonly associated with Nazi Germany during World War II even though numerous combatants used its techniques in that war. = 15 ? Such was the Vernichtungsgedanke of the Polish campaign. = 15 ? [105] The Soviets made a concerted effort to disguise their knowledge of German plans and the extent of their own defensive preparations, and the German commanders still hoped to achieve operational surprise when the attack commenced. The XV Panzer Corps attacked towards Brest, XIV Panzer Corps attacked east of Paris, towards Lyon and the XIX Panzer Corps encircled the Maginot Line. Delegation and the encouragement of initiative aided implementation, important decisions could be taken quickly and communicated verbally or with brief written orders. The French armies were much reduced in strength and the confidence of their commanders shaken. His opinions appeared in his book Vers l'Arme de mtier (Towards the Professional Army, 1933). A method of war using motorized vehicles and aggressive movement C. A German term for "peace with honor" D. A method of war involving extensive fortifications and focusing on defense. While the Nazi military strategy of blitzkrieg was wildly successful in most of Europe, it failed in both Britain and the Soviet Union. Shimon Naveh wrote "The striking feature of the blitzkrieg concept is the complete absence of a coherent theory which should have served as the general cognitive basis for the actual conduct of operations". The bombings of Guernica, Rotterdam and Warsaw were tactical missions in support of military operations and were not intended as strategic terror attacks. sherese nix walker,